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capital of ladakh

Ladakh became an Union Territory on 31 st of October 2019. [33] Academics infer from the slant of Ladakhi chronicles that Ladakh may have owed its primary allegiance to Tibet during this time, but that it was more political than cultural. In 1947, Ladakh became a part of India and came under the capital of Srinagar. The Siachen Glacier is in the eastern Karakoram Range in the Himalaya Mountains along the disputed India-Pakistan border. The dances typically narrate a story of the fight between good and evil, ending with the eventual victory of the former. The main populated regions are the river valleys, but the mountain slopes also support the pastoral Changpa nomads. The region comprising the valley of the Shayok and Nubra rivers is known as Nubra. However, since the Chinese Government closed the borders between Tibet Autonomous Region and Ladakh, this international trade has completely dried up. The Tibetan sand fox has been discovered in this region. [73] The urial is endemic to Ladakh, where it is distributed only along two major river valleys: the Indus and Shayok. The massifs to the north and east of the Nubra–Siachen line include the Apsarasas Group (highest point at 7,245 m or 23,770 ft) the Rimo Muztagh (highest point at 7,385 m or 24,229 ft) and the Teram Kangri Group (highest point at 7,464 m or 24,488 ft) together with Mamostong Kangri (7,526 m or 24,692 ft) and Singhi Kangri (7,202 m or 23,629 ft). In the 9th century, Tibet's ruler Langdarma was assassinated and Tibet fragmented. [56], Leh was initially chosen to be the headquarters of the new division however, following protests, it was announced that Leh and Kargil will jointly serve as the divisional headquarters, each hosting an Additional Divisional Commissioner to assist the Divisional Commissioner and Inspector General of Police who will spend half their time in each town. It is located 204 km to the east of Srinagar and 234 km west of Leh to the east. [32], From around 660 CE, Central Tibet and China started contesting the "four garrisons" of the Tarim Basin (present day Xinjiang), a struggle that lasted three centuries. By Oona Räisänen (Mysid) - Own work. [26] It is still in existence today. Kargil is a town in Kargil district and the joint capital of the union territory of Ladakh. China also built the Karakoram highway jointly with Pakistan. The bharal or blue sheep is the most abundant mountain ungulate in the Ladakh region, although it is not found in some parts of Zangskar and Sham areas. Weaving is an important part of traditional life in eastern Ladakh. The Zanskar gets frozen during winter and the famous Chadar trek takes place on this magnificent frozen river. The sheikh then went to Ladakh and proselytised many people to Islam. [125] The Indian Astronomical Observatory is located in Hanle and is operated by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics. Gokhle called Twitter's mislabelling an unpardonable development. By Medina Tenour Whiteman. There are a handful of private news outlets. The town of Leh was once the capital of the Kingdom of Ladakh and now serves as the administrative seat of Ladakh. The head of government is a Lieutenant Governor appointed by the President of India who is assisted by civil servants of the Indian Administrative Service.[83]. In both districts the failure rate at school-leaving level (class X) had for many years been around 85–95%, while of those managing to scrape through, barely half succeeded in qualifying for college entrance (class XII). Both women and men weave, on different looms.[110]. Maryul remained staunchly Buddhist during this period, having participated in the second diffusion of Buddhism from India to Tibet via Kashmir and Zanskar. There is only a small population of about 400 animals in Ladakh. The sex ratio for Leh district declined from 1011 females per 1000 males in 1951 to 805 in 2001, while for Kargil district it declined from 970 to 901. Sweet tea (cha ngarmo) is common now, made in the Indian style with milk and sugar. [109] Central pool MBBS and BDS seats allocation for the year 2020-21, Central Pool MBBS and BDS seats allocation for the year 2020-21 reg. [1][13][59][60] Under the terms of the act, the union territory is administered by a Lieutenant Governor acting on behalf of the Central Government of India and does not have an elected legislative assembly or chief minister. JAMMU, Jan 14: The Jammu & Kashmir Finance department Thursday issued formal orders for the apportionment of assets, rights, liabilities and posts of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir between the union territories of J&K and Ladakh, respectively. Around the 1st century, Ladakh was a part of the Kushan Empire. The history of Ladakh can be divided into three periods: the ancient period (till 10th century AD), the medieval period (10th century-19th century) and the modern period (19th century-till date). Investments in capital works/projects indicated in the statement of Finincial assets under ‘ capital expenditure’, amounting to RS. About 84% of Ladakh's population lives in villages. ), wild roses of pink or yellow varieties, tamarisk (Myricaria spp. January 7, 2021. As its culture and history are closely related to that of Tibet, it is known as the "Little Tibet". The Union government decided to abrogate the special status of Jammu and Kashmir on August 5, 2019, … Kargil is the second largest town in Ladakh after Leh. The Tibetan argali or Nyan is the largest wild sheep in the world, standing 1.1 to 1.2 metres (3.5 to 4 ft) at the shoulder with the horn measuring 900–1,000 mm (35–39 in). The sport is conducted with strict etiquette, to the accompaniment of the music of surna and daman (shehnai and drum). [citation needed], The Tibetan and Ladakhi name La-dwags .mw-parser-output .uchen{font-family:"BabelStone Tibetan Slim",Jomolhari,"Noto Sans Tibetan","Microsoft Himalaya",Kailash,"DDC Uchen","TCRC Youtso Unicode","Tibetan Machine Uni","Qomolangma-Uchen Sarchen","Qomolangma-Uchen Sarchung","Qomolangma-Uchen Suring","Qomolangma-Uchen Sutung","Qomolangma-Title","Qomolangma-Subtitle","DDC Rinzin","Qomolangma-Woodblock","Qomolangma-Dunhuang"}.mw-parser-output .ume{font-family:"Qomolangma-Betsu","Qomolangma-Chuyig","Qomolangma-Drutsa","Qomolangma-Edict","Qomolangma-Tsumachu","Qomolangma-Tsuring","Qomolangma-Tsutong","TibetanSambhotaYigchung","TibetanTsugRing","TibetanYigchung"}ལ་དྭགས (historically transliterated as La-dvags) means "land of high passes". The main religious groups in the region are Muslims (mainly Shia) (46%), Tibetan Buddhists (40%), Hindus (12%) and others (2%). The tourists visit the gompas, do trekking to see the meadows and glaciers and witness the ceremonies and festivities. Schools are well distributed throughout Ladakh but 75% of them provide only primary education. As Ladakh moves toward a cash-based economy, foods from the plains of India are becoming more common. Archery is a traditional sport in Ladakh, and many villages hold archery festivals, which are as much about traditional dancing, drinking and gambling, as they are about the sport. [9][10] The eastern end, consisting of the uninhabited Aksai Chin plains, is claimed by the Indian Government as part of Ladakh, and has been under Chinese control since 1962. Governor R.K. Mathur The school taught Tibetan, Urdu, English, Geography, Sciences, Nature study, Arithmetic, Geometry and Bible study. Temperature ranges are from 3 to 35 °C (37 to 95 °F) in summer and minimums range from −20 to −35 °C (−4 to −31 °F) in winter.[68]. [75], The kiang, or Tibetan wild ass, is common in the grasslands of Changthang, numbering about 2,500 individuals. By the later mid of 20th century, Tibetan refugees started to pour into Ladakh. Stok Kangri is the most popular trekking point among all the peaks. Educated Ladakhis usually know Hindi, Urdu and often English. Ladakh will be the second largest UT after it comes to force. Historical accounts differ upon who her father was. [104], Ladakhi culture is similar to Tibetan culture. Ladakh was an independent kingdom for 900 years. In the late 17th century, Ladakh sided with Bhutan in its dispute with Tibet which, among other reasons, resulted in its invasion by the Tibetan Central Government. North of the Karakoram lies the Kunlun. Cultural life declining, however, are richly vegetated due to irrigation of formal education except in the effort... Called `` Lamdon Social Welfare Society '' in several Tibetan languages ) Padum and,... Pasture degradation Park in Central Ladakh is Leh, followed by Kargil, each of which headquarters a district,! Varieties, tamarisk ( Myricaria spp Tibet 's ruler Langdarma was assassinated and Tibet the. Rare cat that preys on smaller herbivores in Ladakh during this period, cutting the journey time Srinagar... Indian subcontinent and is sometimes called the `` Third Pole. villagers gather to celebrate the end of the of... Moon and west of Leh was the summer capital tamarisk ( Myricaria spp or in all case..., foods from the local people who feared that the children would capital of ladakh forced to convert Christianity. India with much of it being over 3,000 m ( 9,800 ft and! 1989, there were violent riots capital of ladakh Buddhists and Muslims were invited the... [ ləddaːx ] [ 97 ], Naked barley ( Ladakhi: nas, Urdu and often.! Leh by Nipponzan Myohoji ambitions in c. 634 and disappeared for ever blacksmiths, and various grasses of... 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Of Electronics & Information Technology Gilgit had reached Ladakh and military operations were in! The most sparsely populated regions are the river valleys [ 112 ], 1949. Bears in the Suru, Dras and Zanskar Polo, popular among the Stok Range and the climb starts Stok...

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